Roaming autonomous wind farms

When will floating wind farms anticipate and roam to windier areas?

80% of the global wind resources are located offshore in deep waters (60+ meters) where traditional seabed-fixed installations are not suitable. [1] These areas will be sites for establishing floating wind farms, which are forecasted to be 50% cheaper and 33% more efficient than stationary wind farms. [1,2,3] 

Contemporary offshore wind parks are stationary: They are either fixed or moored to the seabed floor. If the wind is not blowing, then they are not generating electricity.  Unmoored wind farms will have the ability to adjust their location based on weather forecasts, roaming around the sea to optimize electricity production. 

Challenges with sub-sea cables and long distances can be overcome if the electricity is used to produce and store hydrogen. To complete the loop, hydrogen-powered transport vessels can swap fuel tanks and deliver surplus fuel to land. However, roaming wind farms will need to update and report their dynamic position to ensure safety to maritime traffic.

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References:

[1] https://cleantechnica.com/2018/02/16/hywind-scotland-worlds-first-floating-wind-farm-performing-better-expected/

[2]https://www.equinor.com/en/what-we-do/hywind-where-the-wind-takes-us.html

[3]https://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/Efficiency_of_Wind_Energy

[4]https://www.windpowerengineering.com/business-news-projects/uncategorized/offshore-wind-energy-market-expected-to-exceed-usd-60-billion-by-2024/

More information:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4290411/

European Wind Energy Association. 2011. Pure power—wind energy targets for 2020 and 2030. European Wind Energy Association report, Brussels.
See http://www.ewea.org

European Wind Energy Association. 2013. Deep water: the next step for offshore wind energy. European Wind Energy Association report, Brussels.
See http://www.ewea.org

Negro V, López-Gutiérrez JS, Esteban MD, Matutano C. 2014. Uncertainties in the design of support structures and foundations for offshore wind turbines. Renew. Energy 63, 125–132. (10.1016/j.renene.2013.08.041)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328106447_A_Framework_for_Autonomous_Wind_Farms_Wind_Direction_Consensus

https://windeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/files/about-wind/statistics/WindEurope-Annual-Statistics-2018.pdf

https://www.mouser.dk/applications/tiny-Sensors-Role-in-Wind-Turbines/

https://www.quora.com/What-kind-of-technology-is-used-to-keep-a-wind-turbine-facing-the-wind

http://pages.hmc.edu/evans/andersonwind.pdf

https://windeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/files/about-wind/statistics/WindEurope-Annual-Statistics-2018.pdf

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